An indoor vertical garden offers most of the health benefits that traditional plants could provide. The vertical garden purifies the air, reducing inside effluence and removing VOCs and other nasty harmful substances like formaldehyde and benzene in the air. The advantage of the vertical garden is that as the plants raise up off the ground, it enhances air circulation. Most people choose to build a vertical garden as it uses limited space for growing.
Vertical gardens can be created on the walls in the interior or exteriors, fences and make good use of spaces. The vertical garden can protect the home from heat, air pollution or noise by designing in a living natural shield. It helps to regulate temperature by cooling and shading an area. Vertical Garden improves the quality of air inside and outside the home. Plants are natural filters, they use carbon dioxide from the air and provide us with much-needed oxygen apart from filtering pollutants from the air.
Holistic Curative Methodology
Earlier during the twentieth century, healthcare facilities concentrated specifically with the prevailing curative medical treatment of diseases. Towards the end of the last century, there was an increasing preference towards a holistic approach to healthcare with a deep but subtle relation between mind, body and life force. This brought an edge on the significance of healing gardens or curative gardens in the medical world. Tried and trusted shreds of evidence exposing the need for patient rehabilitation process through provisioning nature and open-air spaces in hospitals.
The undertakings by experts to incorporate nature into healthcare premises have been described by many as restorative gardens, healing gardens, contemplative gardens, enabling gardens and therapeutic gardens. Instead of highlighting only on the notion of curing an individual of an ailment, the emphasis is upon a holistic curative methodology. The outlying benefits are associated with stress relief and the abilities of the nature to calm, to soothe and rejuvenate one’s mind and spirits as well.
Restorative gardens or healing gardens first came up in Europe during the middle age. Hospitals for the unwell and insane often included courtyards which served as places for meditation and relaxation, growing flowers and fruits. A primary utility of the space is to provide a safe haven, to help in therapy and recuperation. According to Columbia Asia Hospital, Sarjapur "a healing garden offers a variety of garden features that have in common a consistent tendency to nurture repair from stress and have other positive influences on patients and staff".
Environmental Benefits for Vertical Gardens
Columbia Asia Hospital, Sarjapur, Bengaluru has revolutionised this concept of healing gardens by introducing the idea of vertical gardening in the cafeteria. Vertical gardening is a type of new age healing gardens that make optimised use of structurally challenged urban landscape and architecture. The other advantage of vertical gardens is that they offer ease of accessibility, irrespective of whether one is walking, or on the wheelchair or a stroller. Also, the plants are at the reachable height where it is feasible for people touch and smell. Vertical gardens are not only splendid to look at, but also help one to feel relaxed and rejuvenated by striking the right chords to play the soothing tune nature. Columbia Asia Hospitals believe that it is very important to ensure an aesthetic ambience during the curing process of the patients.
Apart from the therapeutic benefits derived, the vertical gardens or green walls, as they are also known as, are found to be aiding in the reduction of the overall temperatures of the building in urban spaces. The flora, because of transpiration, keeps the buildings cooler. Vertical gardens are particularly suitable for urban spaces since they make great use of available wall areas. These could also serve as urban agriculture spaces while adding to the aesthetic and therapeutic values. Sometimes horizontal gardens are also built indoors to mitigate the ‘sick building syndrome’ since green walls are also recognized for improving the breathing atmosphere considerably even in closed spaces.
Vertical gardens, as healing gardens in hospitals, provide a feeling of safety and peace and thus help to soothe our spirits and relax. They infuse in people, a sense of tranquillity and hope, by communicating on various planes through sight, touch and smell. Today, vertical garden as therapeutic landscape design is intended by its architects to stimulate rhythms that vitalizes the body, invigorates the mind and the spirit, and thus augment recuperation. The urban environment is overly taxing, which gives rise to alleviated stress levels in the body. A touch of nature in these concrete jungles never fails to work wonders and invigorates humans with renewed life-force!